Most men who don’t know how to maintain prostate health will at some stage have prostate problems. These can range from mild and manageable to unbearable, even fatal. Certainly a lot of suffering and distress can be avoided by learning how to take care of this important gland. This article will highlight some common prostate problems and explain how to improve and maintain the health of the prostate.
The two most common forms of prostate problems are prostatitis and benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH – non-cancerous enlarged prostate – frequently also called benign prostatic hyperplasia). Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. Inflammation causes some degree of swelling due to increased blood flow to the affected tissue. This inflammation can affect men of all ages. Generally however, an enlarged prostate is associated with men who are over the age of 40 years.
The prostate gland wraps around the base of the urethra (the tube that transports the urine from the bladder through the penis). The prostate is described as being encapsulated, meaning it is surrounded by a tough exterior layer. This means that as it swells it is easier for the space within the tube running through it (the urethra) to be compressed than it is for other expansion of the prostatic tissue. When the gland gets larger due to either prostatitis or BPH it therefore obstructs the flow of urine. As compression on the urethra increases, the bladder is unable to empty completely, the outflow of urine is impeded and bladder infections become frequent.
The symptoms of BPH may include:
- Difficulty starting to urinate – requires some straining to get the urine flowing. The bladder doesn’t empty properly and some urine stays behind and this causes a sensation of incomplete emptying.
- Decrease in the size and flow of urine:
· normal outflow of urine is 20 ml per second
· in mild BPH the peak flow is 15 – 20 ml per second
· in moderate BPH the rate drops to 10-15 ml per prostate protocol reviews 2021 second
· in severe BPH it drops to below 10 ml per second
- Discomfort passing urine – pain can be felt over the entire bladder during urination
- Anal area pain can occur after ejaculation
- Dribbling after urination
- Nocturnal urination – the need to get up during the night to pass urine
- Frequency of urination – the frequent need to pass urine
- Urgency of urination – the need to go immediately
- Urinary system infections due to poor flushing of the bladder.
Along with similar symptoms to those above, in the case of acute inflammation there can also be blood in the urine. Always consult a health professional if you detect or suspect there is any blood in your urine.
The first sign that something is amiss is urinary hesitation and what once happened effortlessly seems to require a few moments or minutes of straining to get started. A chronic sensation of pressure or urgency may develop and over time it may become difficult to fully empty the bladder. This means that there is an increased risk of the development of a bladder infection, as well as restless nights with frequent trips to the bathroom. In severe cases the urine can back up into the kidneys and damage them.